According to the Bible, the children of Israel settled down in Egypt at some point between approximately 1660 to 1145 B.C.
And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord. – Kings 6:1, The Bible
At some point after the time of Joseph, the Pharaoh of Egypt became increasingly concerned about the activity near his region and decided to force the Israelites under his rule.
Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, who knew not Joseph. – Exodus 1:8, The Bible
The Bible later mentions that the Egyptians forced them to make bricks from mud and straw.
Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore. Let them go and gather straw for themselves. – Exodus 5:7, The Bible
And the officers of the children of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten and were demanded, “Why have ye not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and today, as heretofore?” – Exodus 5:14, The Bible
Although we know that pyramids were being built during this time, historians are unsure whether or not these bricks were used in the process.
Of course, all of this would have ended after the Exodus.
Ultimately, pyramids are not mentioned anywhere in the canonical scriptures.
The word the Israelites would have likely used is “migdol”, which was a word used to describe any large tower or monolith, such as the Tower of Babel in Genesis 11:4, but there is no evidence that they used this word in relation the Egyptian pyramids.
You can find the word ‘pyramids’ mentioned in the Apocrypha, in Maccabees 13:28 to 13:38, but it isn’t in relation to the iconic Egyptian pyramids.